The field experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with four replications in a gross plot size of 2.5 X 4.0 m. The land was plowed two times and leveled with the help of plank. Relevant and timely articles are made available in a fraction of the time taken by more conventional publishers. The other areas include Benshangul Gummuz and Tigray. However, productivity of sesame is very low due to several reasons. It is necessary to use reliable methods to identify and group sesame genotypes. Baraki F, Berhe M. Evaluating performance of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) genotypes in different growing seasons in Northern Ethiopia. Path-coefficient analysis for seed yield and related characters in a population of determinate and indeterminate types of sesame (. Therefore, more emphasis is needed onvarietal identification of sesame. At least 20 publication records of articles and /or books related to the field of agricultural science or in a specific research field. Similar results were recorded in another study . It is the most ancient oil crop adapted to tropics and sub-tropics around the world. Muralimohanreddy B, Keshavulu K, Ankaiah R, Manohar Reddy N, Sambasiva Rao P, Bayyapu Reddy K. Morphological, chemical and electrophoretic descriptors for castor (Ricinus communis L) 2004; 1-22. Ethiopia are Tigray, Amhara, Oromia and Benishangul Gumuz, which contribute more than 90% of total sesame output. White-8 … (6). Genotypes such as Tata, Setit-1 and Humera-1 are grouped as dehiscent and six genotypes, namely, Argene, E, S, M-80, K-74, Adi and Serkamo are grouped as indehiscent types. The number of polymorphic loci was 16 for primer 880 (least) and 100% for primers 811, 812 and 860. Spandana Anuradha G, Sivaraj N, Sivaramakrishnan S. Determination of genetic variation in indian sesame (. Many people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals benefit of them on a daily basis. Similar results were also reported by Jain et al. Sesame grows in Tigray, Amhara, Gambella, Benshangul Gumuz, Somalia, SNNP and Oromia regions in Ethiopia. The essential criteria to become Editorial Board Members of The Open Agriculture Journal are as follows: The Roles of Editorial Board Member are to: If you are interested in becoming our Editorial Board member, please submit the following information to email@example.com. Uzun B, Lee D, Donini P, Cagirgan ML. Weiss EA. (Biochemistry) from Kyiv State University in 1978, Ph.D. (1982), and Dr. Sci. ", "Open access journals make up a new and rather revolutionary way to scientific publication. Sesame is a very leafy plant that terminates and self-defoliates without a frost. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 1973.USA. Nei M. Analysis of gene diversity in subdivided populations. Among the 10 genotypes analysed, POPGENE analysis revealed 376 amplified bands from the 11 selected primers with the level of polymorphism ranging from 56.25% to 100% (Table 5). BMC Genet 2012; 13: 102. Ethiopia Publication date June 10, 2013 Origin View original. There were no variations in pod length among the tested genotypes (Table 3). Humera research center is located in northern and southern boundaries coincide with 14o15â to 14027âN latitudes, and 36o 37â to 37o32â E longitudes with an altitude of 609 m above the sea level with an annual rainfall of 563.2 mm and min-maximum temperature ranges 18.8-37.6oC (Fig. These genotypes were grouped into three groups as light four (Argene, E, S, and K-74), medium four (Humera-1, Serkamo, M-80, and Tate) and dark two (Adi and Setit-1) pigmented based on the intensity of anthocyanin pigmentation. challenges related to the financing of sesame production and marketing in the lowlands, which require short and medium-term actions • The availability of formal input and marketing credit for sesame and rotation crops has been significantly reduced, putting the final stage of the production season at risk Acta Agri Scandinavica 2004; 54(2): 108-12. The environment x genotype interaction influences the yield performance of genotypes; as a result, genotypes respond differently to environmental changes in which they are grown [49, 50]. greater than 15. Besides, varietal characterization using morphological characterization possesses several unwanted characters such as large space requirement, seasonal dependence, time consumption, tedious and environmental influence. The possible ways to avoid these limitations and to speed up the testing procedures is to use chemical tests or electrophoresis, in addition to morphological markers. Minister of Trade (MoT). Although Diga has a potential land and the area is among the few areas which are agro-ecologically suitable for sesame production and productivity in the country, smallholder farmers are not participating actively in its production (constrained by a number of factors). In the dendrogram, the sesame varieties named ADI, Humera1, Serkamo, M-80 and E were grouped together in one cluster while three varieties namely, Argena, K-74, and S Breeder were observed to have their own cluster separately (Fig. Lee WH, Vega VB. The analysis of variance for pod length, 1000 seed weight and seed yield per Quintal per ha had a significance level at P=0.05 (Table 3). ", "It is important that students and researchers from all over the world can have easy access to relevant, high-standard and timely scientific information. The average coverage was higher in Tigray (25 hectares) followed by Amhara (9.7 hectares) and Oromiya (5.58 hectares). The leaf length ranged from 7.769 cm to 6.67 cm and genotypes, Argene and K-74 had the lowest and the highest values, respectively. Experience in agricultural science with an academic degree. Gondar June 10/2013 The government of Netherlands expressed readiness to support the ongoing efforts of Amhara and Tigray States to add value and supply sesame … This could be due to its adaptation to the environmental condition of the experimental area. Annual report of the Ministry of Trade of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2017. production to the national grain production. Pod length was found to be varied among the genotypes and grouped as âlong âwith a mean pod length of 2.44 cm. However, the productivity per unit area of the available nationally released sesame genotypes is lower compared with other producing countries. The variation was least for qualitative characters like leaf length, flower colour, number of locules per pod, pod pubescence, and type of pod beak. Average sesame productivity in western Tigray was found to be 6.5 quintal/ hectare which is … We believe that a dedicated and committed team of editors and reviewers make it possible to ensure the quality of the research papers. The 1000-seed weight ranged from 2.90 g to 3.43 g with S and Humera-1, ranking the lowest and the highest with a mean weight of 3.11 g, respectively (Table 3) (Fig. Yield and stability analysis of some sesame (, Khanum K, Anilakumar KR, Pal A, Khanum F, Bawa AS. It is typically an annual oilseed crop and grown in the tropics and warm subtropics . @(ùKÌH¯JxÙí©×P The field experiment was conducted in the Humera agricultural research center, northern Ethiopia, during the rainy season of 2017/2018. Genetic relationships of. As a result of this it can be said that selection of plants having more branches is preferred. Necessary plant protection measures were taken to control insect pests and diseases. He was an invited professor at Schiller University, Jena (2001). The morphometric data collected on twenty-three characteristics, namely plant height (cm), number of primary branches per plant, number of nodes per plant, internodal length (cm), stem pigmentation, number of leaves per plant, leaf length (cm), leaf shape, leaf color, leaf petiole pigmentation, days to 50 percent flowering, flower petal color, flower hairiness, number of pods per axil, pod length (cm), pod shape, pod beak, pod pubescence, number of locules per pod, pod dehiscence, days to maturity and thousand seed weight (g) were observed, and measured depending on each parameter. He is a Full Member of the Natl. Ten nationally released sesame genotypes were obtained from Humera and Melka-Worer research centers and planted at Humera experimental sites. 1973. pp. Identification of an AFLP marker linked to the closed capsule mutant trait in sesame. @( P For many developing countries, it is an extra rich source of protein . 400-650. ", "Open access journals have become a fundamental tool for students, researchers, patients and the general public. Sesame ranks twelveth in world vegetable oil produced–907,440 million tons, see Table 2. Genetic diversity in sesame has been detected by universal markers such as Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) [18, 19] Sequence-Related Amplified Polymorphisms (SRAP) , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) [21, 22], and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) [23, 24]. Five sesame genotypes (ADI, Humera1, Serkamo, M-80 and E) were clustered and grouped together, while three genotypes, namely, Argena, K-74, and S-Breeder appeared to have their own cluster separately. 2). However, Setit-1 collected from Humera research institute, exhibited a small stem, less leaves and capsule hairiness. Thousand seed weight and seed yield per kg per ha had a significance level at P=0.05. a seed weight of greater than 3g, oil content of 40-50%, and white seed colour are the required criteria. ", "Open access journals are very useful for all scientists as they can have quick information in the different fields of science. I read Open Access journals to keep abreast of the recent development in my field of study. @( P Characterization of mung bean varieties for verification of genetic purity. Among the ten genotypes studied, three were light green and seven were dark green. Two genotypes, namely, Tate and Adi were found with no hairs on stem, leaf, and capsule. Other important sesame producers are Myanmar, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Tanzania and Sudan. They offer accessible information to a wide variety of individuals, including physicians, medical students, clinical investigators, and the general public. By conducting a growth out test and for varietal identification through morphological characters, the plant and seed characters are well studied and thoroughly documented. Kafta-Humera Sesame Production And Sales Cooper... Company Description My company is a cooperative which is collection of 110 commercial farmers who have a minimum of 100 and maximum of 2400 hactares of land indiVIdually. The most interesting fact is the morphological characteristics that we currently used are not included in all these criteria. @( P Fifty percent of nitrogen (20kg per hectare) and the entire quantity of phosphorus and potash were used in the rows 5 centimeters away from the seed row. ", "Publishing research articles is the key for future scientific progress. Rainy season in Humara starts in late May and ends in late September. , studied the hairiness of auricles of flag leaf, flag leaf wax of sheath, ear waxiness, ear density, and peduncle length of nine winter wheat genotypes and suggested that these morphological characters are best for the distinctness of the varieties.
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